The Ninth of Av and The Destruction of the Temple

Yeshua accurately predicted that the Second Temple would be destroyed and it happened on the ninth day of the month of Av in 70 CE. Many other terrible events have occurred on this day, including the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash in 587 BC.

King David wrote in Psalm 27:4 that the only thing he wanted was to be in the Temple.
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Most of us are aware that the sacrifice for sin was offered up on the Temple’s altar but so many other important events revolved around the Temple. In Luke 2:27 we see newborn Yeshua in the Temple with his parents who are offering a dove in atonement as described in Vayikra/Leviticus 12. The first fruits of a harvest were to be brought to the Temple. The offering of a cleansed leper went to the Temple. Incense was offered, along with peace offerings, guilt offerings, and meal offerings. It was a gathering place during the festivals. Levites sang songs of worship on the Temple steps. The Torah was taught from the Temple. YHWH himself gave very specific instructions on how it was to be built and the equipment to be made.

From the Jewish Temple 3D iPhone app.
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Aside from the loss of a person, the Holy Temple’s destruction must have been the saddest moment in the lives of all whose eyes witnessed the horror. The first Temple cost the modern equivalent of several billions of dollars to make, but it was not just the loss of a building. It was where the presence of YHWH resided. All of Hebrew life and culture revolved around this place. Nearly 2,000 years later it is still heartbreaking.

At sundown tonight is the ninth of Av in the year 5774. Scripture records the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash in Jeremiah 52 and 2 Kings 25. It was during the time of Daniel, and it is possible that he witnessed it before being taken away captive to Babylon.

While Scripture doesn’t record any sort of commemoration of the Temple’s destruction, traditionally it is a day of fasting and prayer. Other rabbinic practices include sitting low to the ground, not bathing or anointing yourself with oil or cosmetics, avoiding leisure activities and work. Please not that these are not a Torah requirement, simply traditions. 

Scriptures to study include the book of Lamentations and Job. Also, Deuteronomy 4:25-40, Jeremiah 8:13 - 9:23, Exodus 32:11-14, and Isaiah chapters 55 and 56. I also plan to read the accounts of the Beit Hamikdash's destruction in Jeremiah 52 and 2 Kings 25 and the instructions that YHWH gave for it.

We do know from Scripture that once again there will be a Holy Temple on earth. The Temple Institute is currently raising money to begin the blueprints. 2 Chronicles 1-6 describes the Beit Hamikdash and the prayer of King Shlomo at its dedication. The book of Ezra is how it was rebuilt. provides a wonderful 3D tour of the Temple that I would highly recommendYou can see it here. They also have a free app that has given me a much more clear picture of what it was really like.

May it be rebuilt.

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